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Innovative Governance in EU Regional and Monetary Policy-Making

By Ingeborg Tömmel & Amy Verdun
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Suggested Citation: Ingeborg Tömmel & Amy Verdun, Innovative Governance in EU Regional and Monetary Policy-Making, 14 German Law Journal 380-404 (2013), available at
This article offers an analysis of EU governance based on the innovative governance concept of Tömmel and Verdun (2009) and applies it to two policy areas. We first set out our conceptual framework to analyze European governance as innovative governance. We identify four ideal type categories of modes of governance – hierarchy, negotiation, competition and cooperation – and discuss their impact in light of the institutional structure of the EU and the corresponding actor constellations. Second, we analyze the EU’s cohesion policy and economic and monetary policy. The findings suggest that (1) in the European Union, hierarchy as a mode of governance is frequently watered-down, (2), non-hierarchical and soft modes of governance are at the core of the evolution of EU policy-making, (3) European modes of governance emerge as a result of multiple and often conflicting interactions between institutional actors, (4), the use of non-hierarchical modes of governance is accompanied by institution-building within the EU in both vertical and horizontal directions.